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Source Bibliography

Source Bibliography

The following list comprises the sources used throughout this report.

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | R | S | T | U | V | W | Y

A

James Erik Abels, “Rupert Murdoch: Big Man on Campus,” Forbes, August 18, 2008.

James Erik Abels, “Strapped Local Stations Look to Web for Cash,” Forbes.com, December 4, 2008.
Online at: http://www.forbes.com/business/2008/12/04/television-internet-advertising-biz-media-1204localtv.html

James Erik Abels, “Slowing Fast Company?” October 23, 2008.

Russell Adams, “Newsweek Job Cuts Target Bureaus,” Wall Street Journal, December 12, 2008.

“Greater Media Embraces New Technology,” Advertising Age, October 20, 2008.

“The World is Flat,” Advertising Age, Magazine 300, October 6, 2008. Online at: http://adage.com/images/random/datacenter/2008/magtrend.pdf.

“Magazine 300: 10 Digital Leaders,” Advertising Age Data Center.

AdAge Hispanic Fact Pack 2008 Edition, Crain Communications, 2008.

“2007 Hispanic Fact Pack. Top 10 Hispanic Websites by Web ad spending,” Advertising Age, July 23, 2007.

100 Leading Media Companies, 2008 edition. Advertising Age.

“25 mi. infusion for HuffPo,” Adweek.com, Dec. 1, 2008.

Africa Channel. Press Release: The Africa Channel and Time Warner Cable’s New York. September 9, 2008. http://www.theafricachannel.com/pressroom.php?news=11

African Connection Newspaper Online, About Us. http://www.acnewsinc.com/pages/Aboutus.htm

African Sun Times 2008 Media Kit.

“Decherd Issues Letter to Colleagues,” A.H. Belo  Corporation press release, January 29, 2009.

Frank Ahrens, “More Than 100 Washington Post Journalists Take Buyout,” Washington Post, May 22, 2008.

Frank Ahrens, “Time Warner to Spin Off Cable,” Washington Post, May 1, 2008.

Frank Ahrens, “Washington Post Co. Earnings Plummet in Third Quarter,” Washington Post, October 31, 2008.

Air America Radio press release, April 3, 2008.  http://airamerica.com/blog/2008/apr/03/statement-air-america-radio-chair-charlie-kireker-1

Al Jazeera English online. http://english.aljazeera.net/aboutus/2008/07/2008717114526698333.html

ABS-CBN International website, About Us.  http://www.abs-cbnglobal.com/Regions/USA/AboutUs/tabid/167/Default.aspx

A.H. Belo Corporation Q2 2008 Earnings Call, July 28, 2008.

Chloe Albanesius, “AOL Yahoo Tieup Sparks Net Neutrality Worries,” PC Magazine, March 11, 2008.

Rafat Ali, “Time Inc. Strange Buy: Acquiring Reader’s Digest Schools Fundraising Unit QSP,” PaidContent.org, August 7, 2008. Online at: http://www.paidcontent.org/entry/419-time-inc-buys-readers-digest-school-funding-raising-unit-qsp-for-110-mi/

Rosental Calmon Alves, “Many Newspaper Sites Still Cling to a Once-A-Day Publishing Cycle,” Online Journalism Review, July 21, 2004.

Newsroom Employment Census, American Society of Newspaper Editors, April 29, 2008.

American Urban Radio Networks online, company overview. http://www.aurn.com/company/

Helena Andrews. “Watts Launches African-American Channel,” Politico, July 17, 2008.  http://www.politico.com/news/stories/0708/11806.html

Nellie Andreeva, “400 jobs cut at Disney-ABC TV,” Hollywood Reporter, January 29, 2008.

Suzanna Andrews, “Who Is Wall Street’s Queen B.?” Vanity Fair, November 2008.

Arab American Institute Online.  http://www.aaiusa.org/arab-americans/22/demographics

Arab American Media Services, News Wire, “New Arab American Writers Syndicate Launched,”  September 4, 2008. http://aams.blogspot.com/2007/09/new-arab-writers-syndicate-launched.html.

Arab American News Online. http://www.arabamericannews.com/news/footer/about.html.

Aramica Newspaper online.  http://www.aramica.net/circulation.html.

Tim Arango and Richard Perez-Pena, “Cablevision Offer Baffles Wall Street (Again),” New York Times, May 12, 2008.

Tim Arango, “Murdoch Takes Issue with New Biography,” New York Times, October 22, 2008.

Arbitron, Black Radio Today, 2008 Edition.

Arbitron, Radar 98 report, September 2008.

“Radio Today: How Americans Listen to Radio, 2008 Edition,” Arbitron, April 13, 2008.

“Radio Today 2008 Edition,” Arbitron, March 12, 2008.

“The Infinite Dial 2008: Radio’s Digital Platforms”, Arbitron, April 25, 2008.

Chris Ariens, “New Bureaus, New Kind of Journos for CNN,” TVNewser, August 12, 2008.

Chris Ariens, “GE’s Immelt: “We’re not done doing cable deals,” TV Newser, August 18, 2008.

David Arnerich,. Worth Magazine,.Lost in Translation,” July 1, 2006. http://www.worth.com/Editorial/Thought-Leaders/Politics-Policy/Opportunities-Exposures-Media-Lost-in-Translation.asp.

Asian American Studies Center at UCLA,  “2008 Statistical Portrait of Asian Americans, Native Hawaiians, and Other Pacific Islanders.” http://www.aasc.ucla.edu/archives/census2008portal.htm.

Asian American Journalists Association press release, “Study on Asian American Consumption Trends,” November 2, 2005. http://www.aaja.org/news/community/2005_11_04_1/

“AOL Weighs on Time Warner, Earnings Fall 26%,” Associated Press, August 6, 2008.

“Washington Post Co. profits fall 86 percent,” Associated Press, November 1, 2008.

“Rumbo to focus on web In San Antonio, Valley,”Associated Press, October 9, 2008 http://www.khou.com/news/local/houstonmetro/stories/khou081009_rm_rumbo-web-focus_.f7cd07a8.html

Jennifer Armor,  “Asian Americans Are Good for Advertisers So Why Aren’t Advertisers Listening?” USAianWire, February 7, 2008. http://www.usasianwire.com/release.php?id=443971727

Claire Atkinson, “2008 Political Ads Worth $2.5 Billion to $2.7 Billion,” Broadcasting & Cable, December 2, 2008.

Claire Atkinson, “Cable Stays Up amid Big Media Losses,” Broadcasting & Cable, February 7, 2009.

Claire Atkinson, “Cable Networks Likely to be TW’s Best Unit in ’09,” Broadcasting & Cable, January 8, 2009.

Claire Atkinson, “News Corp. Writes Down Value of Assets by $8.4 Billion,” Broadcasting & Cable, February 5, 2009.

Claire Atkinson, “Spanish-Language TV’s Wall St. Woes,” Broadcasting & Cable, October 20, 2008.  http://mobile.broadcastingcable.com/article/115933-Spanish_Language_TV_s_Wall_St_Woes.php

Audit Bureau of Circulations, Publisher’s Statements.

B
Katy Bachman, “WTVJ Sale Terminated,” MediaWeek, December 24, 2008.

David Bauder, “CNN Launches Nightly Election Wrap,” Associated Press, January 15, 2008.

David Bauder, “Tough Economic News is Good for Evening Newscasts,” Associated Press, February 4, 2009.

David Bauder, “Fey’s Palin skits mark turning point of TV viewing,” Associated Press October 19, 2008.

“AOL Completes Acquisition of Global Social Media Network Bebo,” Bebo Press Release, May 19, 2008.

Jeff Bercovici, “ ‘U.S. News’ Launching Digital Newsweekly,” Portfolio.com Media Blog, January 23, 2009. Online at: http://www.portfolio.com/views/blogs/mixed-media/2009/01/23/us-news-launching-digital-newsweekly

BET press release, “BET News Provides Extensive, Up-to-the-Minute Election Coverage,” October 31, 2008. http://bet.mediaroom.com/index.php?s=43&item=667.

“Television Industry Projected to Post -7% Growth in 2008; Station Transactions Lowest Level Since 2004,” BIA Press Release, December 18, 2008.

Henry Blodget, “Huffington Post Still Blowing Doors Off,” Silicon Valley Insider, October 22, 2008.

“Radio-Rating Firm Arbitron Settles New York Bias Lawsuit,” Bloomberg News, January 8, 2009, accessed from the Los Angeles Times: http://www.latimes.com/business/la-fi-arbitron8-2009jan08,0,6629465.story.

Steve Boris, “Ohio Newspapers Try to Break Away from the AP Cartel,” thefutureofnews.com, May 2, 2008.

“Benchmarking: Local TV Web Sites Gaining Ad Share,” Borrell Associates, March 2008.

“2009 Outlook: Big Slowdown Begins for Local Advertising,” Borrell Associates, November 8, 2008.

Greg Braxton, “Will Obama Reports Be Fair?” Los Angeles Times,  August 23, 2008. http://www.latimes.com/entertainment/la-et-blacknetworks23-2008aug23,0,5934044.story.

Editorial, “Open Hopes,” Broadcasting & Cable, December 1, 2008.

“Airtime: The DTV Transition Brings Tidal Wave of Change,” Broadcasting & Cable, February 21, 2009.

“Al Jazeera Nabs First News Emmy Nod,” Broadcasting & Cable, August 14, 2008. http://www.broadcastingcable.com/article/CA6587386.html.

“NBCU Miami Station Fetches Just $205M,” Broadcasting & Cable, July 28, 2008.

Phil Bronstein, Interview with Rick Edmonds, September 2007.

Stephen Brooks, “Dennis Launches Indian Joint Venture,” Guardian, September 11, 2008.

Ann Brown. New Media Dilemma for the Democratic Convention. Black Enterprise Magazine. July 18, 2008. http://www.blackenterprise.com/politics/politics-news/2008/07/18/new-media-dilemma-for-democratic-convention/

Peter J. Brown. “Tang Dynasty TV Takes on China.” Asia Times Online. February 14, 2009. http://www.atimes.com/atimes/China/KB14Ad01.html

Meredith Bryan, “Big day in Englewood Cliffs,” New York Observer, September 16, 2008.

Elliot Van Buskirk, “House of Representatives Passes Webcast Bill,” Wired.com, September 29, 2008. http://blog.wired.com/music/2008/09/house-of-repres.html

Elliot Van Buskirk, “Liberty’s $530 million Lifeline Keeps Srius Xm Afloat,”  Wired.com, February 17, 2009.

C

Sinead Carew, “Jobs cuts hit hard in media, communications,” Reuters Media File, December 5, 2008.

David Carr, “When Even Condé Nast Is In Retreat,” New York Times, February 2, 2009.

Kayla Carrick, “Entravision, Univision’s U.S. Political Ads May Soar,”Bloomberg News, August 14, 2008. http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&sid=aV.Z9939Uvk0

Nicholas Carson, “AOL ‘Relaunches’ Its $850 Million Social Network, Bebo,” Silicon Valley Insider, December 10, 2008.

Bill Carter, “Political Futures: From TV to the Senate?” New York Times, October 21, 2008.

Bill Carter, “Telemundo Is Said to Have Struck Deal in Mexico,New York Times, March 17, 2008. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/03/17/business/media/17nbc.html.

Bill Carter, “Telemundo Is Said to Have Struck Deal in Mexico,” New York Times, March 17, 2008.

Bill Carter, “Palin Effect on Ratings Only Modest for CBS,” New York Times, September 30, 2008.

CC Media Holdings Press release, November 10, 2008.

John Cassidy, “Murdoch’s Game,” New Yorker, October 16, 2006.

Salvatore Cavalieri, “Engaging the Hispanic Market: 3 Commandments,” TV Week Online Guest Commentary.  January 13, 2008. http://www.tvweek.com/news/2008/01/guest_commentary_engaging_the.php.

Brian Caulfield and Naazneen Karmali, “Mumbai: Twitter’s Moment,” Forbes.com, November 28, 2008.

“CBS Corporation Completes Acquisition Of CNet Networks; Merges Operations Into New, Expanded CBS Interactive Business Unit,” CBS News, Press Release, June 30, 2008.

Jean Yves Chanon, “U.S. Mobile News Market Nearing Maturity According to NYT,” Editorsweblog.org, August14, 2008.

Zev Chafets, “Late-Period Limbaugh,” New York Times Magazine, July 6, 2008.

Cherokee Phoenix. “Census Bureau: Native Population Increases, June 2008. http://www.cherokeephoenix.org/Docs/PDF/2008/2008-06-01.pdf

Dawn C. Chmielewski, “News Corp. Posts 27% Rise in Its Fiscal Fourth-Quarter Net Income,” Los Angeles Times, August 6, 2008.

China Digital Times, About the China Digital Times. http://chinadigitaltimes.net/about/.

David T. Clark, “Weak Circulation Trends Across Industry,” Deutsche Bank Global Markets Research. October 27, 2008.

Stephanie Clifford, “Yahoo Tries to Move Past Takeover Status,” New York Times, June 5, 2008.

“CNBC Gets Linked In,” CNBC press release, September 4, 2008.

Patricia Cohen, “Buckley Steps Down From National Review,” New York Times, October 14, 2008.

Tara Conlon, “NBC Universal Buy Carnival,” Guardian Unlimited, August 20, 2008; “NDTV networks and NBC Universal conclude strategic partnership transaction,” The Financial Express, May 26, 2008.

Tara Conlon, “NBC Universal Buy Carnival,” Guardian Unlimited, August 20, 2008.

John Consoli, “NBC, ESPN Snap Up NFL Packages,” AdWeek, April 19 2005.

John Consoli, Media Week Online, “Univision Upfront Flies as Integrations Slow Telemundo, Media Week Online,  July 28, 2008.

Alan Cowell, “On Arab TV Network, Obama Urges Dialogue,” New York Times, January 27, 2009. http://www.nytimes.com/2009/01/28/world/middleeast/28arabiya.html?_r=1&emc=eta1.

Bob Cusack, “Schumer on Fox: Fairness Doctrine ‘fair and balanced,’ ” The Hill, November 4, 2008.

D

Wojtek Dabrowski, “Canwest creaks under debt load, may seek protection,” Reuters, February 12, 2009.

Rebecca Dana, “CNBC Ratings Jump Amid Turmoil,” Wall Street Journal, September 18, 2008.

Eric Dash, “Mexican Billionaire Invests in Times Company,” New York Times, January 19, 2009.

Democratic National Convention Website. Credentialed Blogs. http://www.demconvention.com/credentialed-blogs/

Diedre Depke, Interview with BeetTV.com, undated. Online at: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oNuwuhPAN1Q

Johnny Diaz, “Strike took viewers from late local news,” Boston Globe, February 29, 2008.

Rich Kirchen, “Writers strike impacts Milwaukee TV news,” Business Journal of Milwaukee, April 4, 2008.

Glen Dickson, “ATSC Eyes Digital TV’s Future,” Broadcasting & Cable, December 8, 2008.

Glen Dickson, “ABC Aims for Digital History,” Broadcasting & Cable, April 14, 2008.

Glen Dickson, “MediaFlo Primes for Growth,” Broadcasting & Cable, December 1, 2008.

The Digital Future Report 2009, Center for Digital Future, University of Southern California, Annenberg School Survey.

Larry Dignan, “AOL ad revenue continues to slide,” News.cnet.com, February 4, 2009.

“Mergers & Acquisitions, An Insider’s Guide to the Media Marketplace,” DeSilva+Phillips Report 2009.

Ken Doctor, “Couric’s Palin Interviews Show Ad Metrics Are a-SKU,” Content Bridges, October 7, 2008.

Andrew Dolbeck, Weekly Corporate Growth Report, July 14, 2008.

Kevin Downey, “The New World of Hispanic TV,” Broadcasting & Cable, March 5, 2007. http://www.broadcastingcable.com/article/107969-The_New_World_of_Hispanic_TV.php

E

Paul Eakins, “P-T Changes Spur Council Response,” Press-Telegram, March 5, 2008.

“AP Launches Mobile News Network App for BlackBerry Smart Phones,” Editor & Publisher, October 20, 2008.

“The Economist Selects CCC’s Rightslink for Easy Online Ordering of Reprints & Permissions,” The Economist and Copyright Clearance Center, joint press release, October 16, 2008.

Rick Edmonds, “What Should a Newspaper Cost?” Poynter Online, May 2, 2008.

Jim Edwards, “Hispanic Marketing World Insulated From Economy?” MediaWeek, October 27, 2008.

John Eggerton, “13 Pappas Stations File Chapter 11,” Broadcasting & Cable, May 12, 2008.

John Eggerton, “ABC Moving Nightline Jobs to N.Y.,” Broadcasting & Cable, June 16, 2008 .

John Eggerton, “CBS Sells Four Stations to Four Points Media Group,” Broadcasting & Cable, January 10, 2008.

John Eggerton, “Computer Companies Praise FCC Smackdown,” Broadcasting & Cable, May 16, 2008.

John Eggerton, “DTV Oversight Hearing On House Docket,” Broadcasting & Cable, February 24, 2009.

John Eggerton,  “Judge Approves Sale of Pappas Stations,” Broadcasting & Cable, January 16, 2009.

John Eggerton,NCTA Opposes Urban TV Proposal,” Broadcasting & Cable, December 30, 2008.

John Eggerton, “NTIA: Wait List For DTV Coupons Keeps Growing,” Broadcasting & Cable, January 29, 2009.

“eMarketer Revises Online Spending Predictions,” eMarketer, December 1, 2008.

“February 2008: Search Marketing, the Behemoth Online Advertising Format,” eMarketer, accessed February 5, 2009.

Haya El Nasser,  “U.S. Census Reports on Arab-Americans for First Time,” USA Today, November 20, 2003. http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2003-11-20-arab-americans_x.htm

Entravision press release, “Entravision Communications Corporation Reports Third Quarter 2008 Results,” November 5, 2008. https://www.istockanalyst.com/article/viewiStockNews/articleid/2786193

“Entravision Announces Third Quarter 2008 Results,” Entravision press release, November 5, 2008.

Epoch Times Online, About Us. http://en.epochtimes.com/n2/about-us.html

F

Paul Farhi, “NPR to Cut 64 Jobs and Two Shows,” The Washington Post, December 11, 2008.

Paul Farhi, “WUSA Moves to One-Person News Crews,” Washington Post, December 12, 2008.

Mark Fass, “New Money,” New York Magazine, April 16, 2007..

Jason Fell, “Time Inc. CEO: ‘It Will Be Tough to Grow Revenues’ in 2009,” Folio, October 13, 2008.

Jason Fell and Dylan Stableford, “Layoffs at National Geographic, EW, Economist, Doubledown Group,” Folio, November 14, 2008.

Jason Fell, “RBI Slashes 41 Jobs,” Folio, June 4, 2008.

Jason Fell, “Reed Elsevier Drops RBI Sale,” Folio, December 10, 2008.

Jason Fell, “Condé Nast Shutters Domino,” Folio Magazine, January 28, 2009.

Jason Fell, “Will the Deal Drought Continue?” Folio Magazine, September 2, 2008. Online at: http://www.foliomag.com/2008/will-deal-drought-continue

Jason Fell, “Will the Deal Drought Continue?” Folio, September 2, 2008.

Jason Fell, “The Economist Loses Battle Over Domain Name,” Folio Magazine, February 25, 2008. Online at: http://www.foliomag.com/2008/economist-loses-battle-over-domain-name .

Jon Fine, “A Peek into the Plans at Bloomberg Media,” BusinessWeek, October 23, 2008.

Lauren Rich Fine, Ethics Fellows Conference, Poynter Institute, March 2008.

Lucinda Fleeson, “Bureau of Missing Bureaus,” American Journalism Review, October/November, 2003.

“The Nation Seeks Donations to Pay Ballooning Postage,” FolioMag.com, July 19, 2007.

Susannah Fox and Gretchen Livingston. Hispanics with Lower Levels of education and English proficiency remain largely disconnected from the internet. Pew Hispanic Center and the Pew Internet & American Life Project. March 14, 2007. http://pewinternet.org/pdfs/Latinos_Online_March_14_2007.pdf

Mya Frazier, “The Catch-22 of Buying Black Media,” Advertising Age. April 7, 2008. http://adage.com/mediaworks/article?article_id=126174.

G

Amanda Gaines, “Mega TV: Major Media Moguls,” American Executive Magazine, September 30, 2008.

Megan Garber, “Mag Revenue Numbers: In Which ‘Flat Is the New Up,’ ” Columbia Journalism Review, July 11, 2008. Online at: http://www.cjr.org/the_kicker/mag_revenue_numbers_in_which_f.php

“Gartner Says Worldwide Smartphone Sales Grew 29 Percent in First Quarter of 2008,” Gartner press release, June 6, 2008.

Joe Garifoli. “Black Bloggers Fight to Make Voices Heard.” San Francisco Chronicle. May 31, 2008.

Glenn Garvin, “Rick Sanchez’s News Show Brings the Internet to TV,” Miami Herald, October 6, 2008.

“GE Earned $18.1B in ’08,” General Electric Media Relations, press release, January 23, 2009.

“GE Revises 2008 Guidance,” General Electric Media Relations, press Release, Sept. 25, 2008, available at http://www.ge.com/pdf/investors/events/09252008/ge_press_release_09252008.pdf

David George-Cosh, “Google set to take on iPhone and BlackBerry,” Canwest News Service, accessed from Nanaimo Daily News, Sept 22, 2008.

Jordan Gibson:  “Picture This:  Guess Where Google Gets 98 % of Its Revenues,” Industry Standard, July 15, 2008.

Scott Gilbertson, “Google Blasts WSJ, Still ‘Committed’ to Net Neutrality,” Wired Magazine, December 15, 2008.

Felix Gillette, “Hard Fall: What Happened to NBC?” New York Observer, September 9, 2008.

Felix Gillette, “When Talent Moves to Cable, Journalism Doesn’t Always Follow,” New York Observer, March 20, 2008.

Felix Gillette, “ABC News Contemplates Job Cuts in the New Year,” New York Observer, Dec. 5, 2008.

Felix Gillette, “Do You Know the Way to Tel Aviv? For CBS, via London,” New York Observer, January 6, 2009.

“MSNBC.com Democratic Convention Coverage Sets Traffic Record,” Globe Newswire, September 3, 2008.

David Goetzl, “Mobile TV Gains Momentum,” Mediapost Publications, November 11, 2008 Online at: http://www.mediapost.com/publications/?fa=Articles.showArticleHomePage&art_aid=94489

Matea Gold, “The race for TV viewers,” Los Angeles Times, September 11, 2008.

Google SEC Filing, 10-Q for the quarter ending September 30, 2008.

“Changes to Recruiting,” Google, press release, January 14, 2009.

“Google Announced third quarter 2008 results,” Google press release, Oct. 16, 2008.

Martha R. Gore, “Newspaper Readership Declines in Major Cities,” Suite101.com, December 9, 2008.

Paul J. Gough, “Cable Nets Benefited from Primary Coverage,” Hollywood Reporter, June 2, 2008.

Paul J. Gough,  “NBC might scale back hours, Zucker says,” Hollywood Reporter, December 8, 2008.

Annual Survey of Journalism & Mass Communication Graduates, Grady College of Journalism & Mass Communication, University of Georgia, November 2008.

Michelle Greppi, “NBC Affiliates Prepare to Swallow Bitter Reverse-Compensation Pill,” Broadcasting and Cable, July 13, 2008.

Michele Greppi, “NBC Universal to Cut Almost 500 Jobs,” TV Week, December 4, 2008.

Ronald Grover, “The Uphill Battle at Fox Business Network,” BusinessWeek, October 9, 2008.

Rob Gurwitt, “Death and Life in the Pressroom,” Governing, January 2009.

Marisa Guthrie, “Jeff Zucker to Print Reporters: Drop Dead,” Broadcasting & Cable, February 28, 2008.

Marisa Guthrie, “Katie Couric Likely to Leave CBS Evening News After Election,” Broadcasting & Cable, April 10, 2008.

Marisa Guthrie, “Moonves Again Backs Couric After Conventions,” Broadcasting & Cable, September 10, 2008.

H

Ray Hanania, Arab American Media Services Newswire.  http://aams.blogspot.com/2008/04/arab-american-journalists-criticize.html.

Sean Hannity, the Sean Hannity Show, January 11, 2008.

Sean Hannity, the Sean Hannity Show, November 26, 2008.

David Hatfield, “Writers strike hurts Nielsen ratings for local TV news,” Inside Tucson Business, January 16, 2008.

Rachel Hawkes, “New Online Community impre.com Launches for US Hispanic Market,” Social Media
Portal Online, April 15, 2008.  http://www.socialmediaportal.com/News/2008/04/New-online-community-impre-com-launches-for-US-Hispanic-market.aspx.

Ted Hearn, “Martin Forced to Pull LPTV Must-Carry Plan,” Multi-Channel News, October 20, 2008

Miguel Helft, “Yahoo Teams With Newspapers to Sell Ads,” New York Times, February 27, 2009.

Steven Herbert, “Beijing Games Finish with Highest Primetime Summer Olympics Viewership Since 1996,” City News Service, August 26, 2008.

Steven Herbert, “CBS Draws Season-High Audience,” City News Service, November 18, 2008.

Nia-Malika Henderson,“Obama Brings firsts for Black Press,” Politico. January 3, 2009. http://www.politico.com/news/stories/1208/16894.html

Press Release, “Hip Hop Caucus. Respect My Vote Campaign Reaches Thousands During Nationwide One-Day Voter Registration Drive.” http://www.commondreams.org/newswire/2008/10/03-20

Michael Hirschorn, “End Times,” Atlantic, January/February 2009.

“National Media Group launches U.S.: Sea Latino,” HispanicAd.com, March 18, 2008. http://hispanicad.com/cgi-bin/news/newsarticle.cgi?article_id=23917

“Focus on Hispanic Advertising Market,” Hispanic Business Magazine, 2008 Media Markets Report. December 2008 Issue.

“Google Nears 72% of U.S. Searches in October, 2008,” Hitwise. Press release, Nov. 13, 2008.
David Ho, “FCC Vote Opens Door to a Bigger Wireless Web,” Austin American-Statesman, December 8, 2008.

Diane Holloway, “ABC News set to open UT Bureau,” Austin American-Statesman, May 8, 2008.

Advance Publications, Company Overview, accessed via Hoovers. Online at: http://www.hoovers.com/advance-publications/–ID__40006–/free-co-factsheet.xhtml

Richard Huff, “NBC News’ Uneasy Cable Hookup,” New York Daily News, September 9, 2008

Jeffrey Humphreys, “Asian-American Buying Power,” Georgia Trend magazine, September 2008. http://www.georgiatrend.com/state-of-the-economy/09_08_economics.shtml

I

Indian Country Today Online. http://www.indiancountrytoday.com/about

Indianz.com. http://indianz.com/about.asp

Inside Radio, http://www.insideradio.com/formatcounts.asp

Bill Imada, “Four Myths About the Asian-American market,”  Big Tent Advertising Age Blog, October 31, 2007. http://adage.com/bigtent/post?article_id=121668

“Internet Advertising Revenues in Q3 ’08 at Nearly $5.9 Billion,” Interactive Advertising Bureau, Nov. 20, 2008.

Internet Freedom Preservation Act, S. 215, 110th Congress (accessed February 11, 2009; introduced January 9, 2007), available at http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/getdoc.cgi?dbname=110_cong_bills&docid=f:s215is.txt.pdf

Tanya Irwin, “AP Launches Mobile News Network App For BlackBerry,” Media Post’s Online Media Daily, October 21, 2008.

Tonya Irwin, “The AtlanticLaunches Digital Publication, The Current,” MediaPost Publications’ Online Media Daily, March 4, 2008.

Walter Isaacson, “How to Save Your Newspaper,” Time,  February 05, 2009.

Nat Ives, “Magazine of the Year: The Economist,” Advertising Age, October 6, 2008.

Nat Ives, “Time Inc. Tops List of Digital Earners,” Advertising Age, January 19, 2009.

Nat Ives, “Is Condé Nast Finally Fostering Digital?” Advertising Age, January 26, 2009. Online at: http://adage.com/mediaworks/article?article_id=134077

Nat Ives and Abbey Klaassen, “Time Warner’s Back to Its Roots: Content,” Advertising Age, August 11, 2008.

J
Suzy Jagger, “Cablevision Buys Newsday for $650M,” Times (of London), May 12, 2008.

Meg James, “Televisa-Univision Trial Delayed,” Los Angeles Times, April 29, 2008.http://articles.latimes.com/2008/apr/29/business/fi-univision29

Meg James, “Telemundo to cut 5% of jobs,” Los Angeles Times, October 17, 2008.

Meg James, “Univision Predicts Lean Times Ahead,”Los Angeles Times. November 18, 2008. http://www.latimes.com/business/la-fi-univision18-2008nov18,0,7094033.story

Meg James, “Univision Prepares for Lean Stretch,” Los Angeles Times, November 18, 2008.  http://www.latimes.com/business/la-fi-univision18-2008nov18,0,7094033.story

Elizabeth Jensen, “BBC Newscast Shifts Lineup on U.S. Public TV Stations,” New York Times, October 7, 2008.

Elizabeth Jensen, “Lehrer Says NewsHour Money Woes Are Worst Ever,” New York Times, May 19, 2008.

Elizabeth Jensen, “NBC News Correspondent Named Anchor of New Public Television Newscast,” New York Times, August 20, 2008.

Tom Jicha, “Elections Are Over but Nightline Still Beats Dave,” Sun-Sentinel, November 20, 2008

Bradley Johnson, “Revenue Growth Slowest Since 2001,” Advertising Age, September 29, 2008.

Chandra Johnson-Greene, “Time Inc: Digital Saw ‘Significant’ Growth in ’08,” Folio Magazine, December 10, 2008.

Miriam Jordan and Conor Dougherty. “Immigration Slows in Face of Economic Downturn,” Wall Street Journal, September 22, 2008. http://online.wsj.com/article/SB122213015990965589.html?mod=googlenews_wsj

“M&A Shift and Transformation Acceleration,” Jordan, Edmiston Group. press release, January 6, 2009.

“Third Quarter 2008 M&A Overview,” The Jordan, EdmistonGroup, October 1, 2008.

K

Peter Kafka, “Condé Nast Web Arm CondéNet’s Turn for ‘Across the Board’ Cuts,” Media Memo Blog, AllThingsD, November 11, 2008: http://mediamemo.allthingsd.com/20081111/conde-nast-web-arm-condenets-turn-for-across-the-board-cuts/

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Brian Stelter, “CBS in Deal to Buy CNet to Increase Online Ads,” New York Times, May 16, 2008

Brian Stelter, “Yahoo News Braces for a Day of Heavy Traffic,” New York Times, November 2, 2008

Brian Stelter, “Arbitron Settles Lawsuit Alleging Bias in Radio Ratings System,”  New York Times, January 7, 2009.

“NASDAQ Suspends SBS Delisting, company pays off $18.5 million note,” South Florida Business Journal. October 30, 2008.

“Spanish Broadcasting Blames Ad decline for Q3 losses,” South Florida Business Journal. November 6, 2008: http://southflorida.bizjournals.com/southflorida/stories/2008/11/03/daily59.html?ana=yfcpc.

Spanish Broadcasting System press release, “MegaTV Celebrates National Launch,” November 5, 2007

Louise Story and Miguel Helft, “Google Buys DoubleClick for $3.1 Billion,” New York Times, April 14, 2007

Joe Strupp, “ ‘Politico’ Announces More Staff, Circulation, and Coverage,” Editor & Publisher, September 22, 2008

Joe Strupp, “Gannett Announces One-Week Unpaid Furloughs,” Editor and Publisher, January 14, 2009.

Grant Surridge ,  “New York Times takes bold steps with its web coverage,” Financial Post, Sunday, December 7, 2008.

Grant Surridge, “Tackling the Loyalty Paradox,” December 8, 2008.

Georg Szalai, “Fox Mobile face-lift,” Hollywood Reporter, Oct. 20, 2008.

Georg Szalai,. “Spanish-Language Media Stocks Hit Hard,” Hollywood Reporter, September 16, 2008.

T

Talkers Magazine, Top Talk Radio Audiences, September 2008.

Ryan Tate, “Sam Zell Says, ‘xxxx[expletive deleted] You,”  to His Journalist,” Gawker, February 9, 2008.

Loris Ann Taylor, citing Government Accountability Office Report “Challenges to Assessing and Improving Telecommunications for Native Americans on Tribal Lands,”GAO-06-189 (January 2006) (“GAO Tribal Telecommunications Report”)

Ira Teinowitz, “Ad Spending Surges as Campaign Enters Final Days,” TV Week, November 2, 2008.  http://www.tvweek.com/news/2008/11/ad_spending_surges_as_campaign.php

“Telemundo Delivers Best November Ratings in 16 Years,” Telemundo press release, December 3, 2008.

“Time Inc. to Acquire QSP Schools and Youth Fundraising Unit,” Time Inc. Press Release, August 7, 2008.

“Bonnier Magazine Group Buys 18 Magazines from Time Inc.,” Time Inc. press release, January 25, 2007.

Time Warner SEC filing, August 6, 2008

“Time Inc. and Getty Images Jointly Launch LIFE.com,” Time Warner press release. September 23, 2008.

“Time Inc. to Acquire QSP Schools and Youth Fundraising Unit,” Time Inc. Press Release, August 7, 2008.

Cher Thomas, “Tulalip Tribe TV Station Hits the Airwaves,” Native Youth Magazine, March 4, 2008.

Chandra R. Thomas, “How Black Radio Found Its Voice” Time magazine, April 5, 2008. http://www.time.com/time/politics/article/0,8599,1728240,00.html.

My-Thuan Tran, “Judge Limits Protests at Vietnamese Newspaper,” Los Angeles Times, April 9, 2008. http://articles.latimes.com/2008/apr/09/local/me-protests

Evan Tracey, “Election Year Rains Millions on Media Outlets,” Advertising Age, July 31, 2008.

“Tribune Reports 2008 Second Quarter Results,” Tribune Corporation, press release, August 13, 2008.

TNS Media Intelligence, Top 25 Web Site Categories by Display Ad Revenue.

Szabolcs Toth, “Chinese news network in US finds perils of facing Beijing,” Boston.com, August 24, 2003.

Derek Turner and& Mark Cooper, “Left Out of the Picture: Minority & Female TV Station Ownership in the United States,”. Free Press, October 2006.

Press release, “TV One’s Democratic Convention Coverage Reaches 2.6 Million Viewers, Including 2.2 Million African American Viewers,” TV One, September 3, 2008. http://www.tvoneonline.com/inside_tvone/news_content.asp?ID=1267.

TV One Press Releases, September 2007 and 2008.

U
Various company presentations, UBS Global Media Conference, New York, December 2008.

Press release,  University of Wisconsin Advertising Project. http://wiscadproject.wisc.edu/wiscads_release_100808.pdf.

“Disney-ABC International Television Latin America and Univision Sign Unprecedented Strategic Production Agreement,” Univision press release, May 14, 2008  http://www.univision.net/corp/en/pr/Miami_14052007-1.html

“Telefutura Premieres Intriguing Original Novela ‘La Marca Del Deseo,’ Monday, March 24,” Univision press release, March 10, 2008.

“Univision Announces 2008 Second Quarter results,” Univision, press release, August 8, 2008.

:“Univision Outdelivers ABC, NBC, CBS or Fox Nearly Every Night During May sweep,” Univision, press release, May 21, 2008. http://www.univision.net/corp/en/pr/Miami_21052008-1.html.

“KMEX Univision 34 wins Viewership race; # 1 station in the country, regardless of language for adults 18-49,” Univision press release, January 15, 2009. http://www.univision.net/corp/en/pr/Los_Angeles_15012009-1.html.

“National Association of Asian Publishers Launched at NAA Marketing Conference,” USAsianWire, March 13, 2008. http://www.usasianwire.com/release.php?id=1404747149.

USAsianWire, press release, March 13, 2007. http://www.usasianwire.com/news.html

U.S. Census. Profile of Selected Demographic and Social Characteristics: 2000. http://www.census.gov/population/cen2000/stp-159/STP-159-africa.pdf.

U.S. Census Demographic and Housing Estimates 2007.

U.S. Census, “Income, Earnings and Poverty.” http://www.census.gov/prod/2008pubs/acs-09.pdf.

U.S. Census Bureau population estimates, July 1, 2007

V

JR Valrey, “San Francisco Black Paper Dumps Print Goes All Online, New America Media, August 15, 2008.

Jessica E. Vascellaro and Vishesh Kumar, “Google To Broker TV Ads for NBC,” Wall Street Journal, September 9, 2008.

Jessica E. Vascellaro and Scott Morrison, “Google Gears Down for Tougher Times,” Wall Street Journal, December 3, 2008.

Jessica E. Vascellaro and Nick Wingfield, “Google Ditches Ad Pact with Yahoo,” Wall Street Journal, November 6, 2008.

Verified Audit Circulation, AsianWeek Current Quarterly Submission (Publisher’s Statement), July-September 2008.

“Viacom Files Federal Copyright Infringement Complaint Against YouTube and Google,” Viacom press release, March 13, 2007.

Roger Vincent, “Times Lays Off 10 % of Editorial Staff,” Los Angeles Times.

“Communications Industry Forecast 2008-2012,”  Internet & Mobile Services, Veronis Suhler Stevenson, 2008.

Vanessa Voltolina,  “Time Inc. CEO on Restructuring: ‘It Was Looking Like 1931,’ ” Folio, October 30, 2008. Online at: http://www.foliomag.com/2008/time-inc-ceo-restructuring-it-was-looking-1931.

W

Marcia A. Wade, “FCC Hearing Broaches Media Ownership for Minorities, Black Enterprise magazine, August 6, 2008.

Darius Walker, public statement at Poynter Institute, “Who Will Pay for the News?” November 10, 2008.

Mark Walsh, “CBS Confirms Layoffs Restructuring At Interactive Unit,” MediaPost, December 11, 2008.

“Washingtonpost.com and Newsweek Host Unprecedented Live Super Tuesday Election Coverage,” Washington Post, via Business Wire, February 1, 2008.

Mark Walsh,  “Time’ For Another Home Page Tweaking,” MediaPost Online Media Daily, September 15, 2008

“Google Urges Washington Action on White Spaces,” The Wall Street Journal, September 2008.

“Heavy Debt, Fewer Ads Put Radio Firms in a Squeeze,” Sarah McBride, The Wall Street Journal, November 10, 2008.

“Microsoft Fills Post with Yahoo Veteran,” The Wall Street Journal, December 5, 2008.

Andrew Wallenstein and Paul J. Gough, “CBS gets Interactive with Smith,” Hollywood Reporter, November 6, 2006.

Philip Walzer, “Weather Channel Deal Sealed For $3.5 Billion to NBC,” Virginian Pilot, July 7, 2008.

“Newsweek President Greg Osberg Resigns,” Washington Post, July 17, 2008.

“The Washington Post Company Reports 2008 and Fourth Quarter Earnings,” Washington Post Company press release, via Business Wire.  February 15, 2009.

James Warren, “When No News Is Bad News,” Atlantic Online, January 21, 2006.

Alex Weprin, “News Divisions Retooling Facebook Apps,” Broadcasting & Cable, August 18, 2008.

Westwood Press release March 2008.

Peter Winn, “Democratic Senator Tells Conservative Radio Station He’d Re-impose Fairness Doctrine — on Them,” CNSNEWS.com, October 22, 2008

Peter Whoriskey, “Giant of Internet Radio Nears Its ‘Last Stand,’ ” Washington Post, August 16, 2008.

Martin Wisckol. “Fired Nguoi Viet Editor Launches Little Saigon Blog,” Orange County Register Blog: Total Buzz, April 7, 2008.

Michael Wolff, “Tuesdays with Rupert,” Vanity Fair, October 2008.

Casey Woods, “Obama’s Hispanic voter Outreach sets precedents,” Miami Herald. October 28, 2008.

Robert F. Worth, “Drawing a New Map for Journalism in the Middle East,” New York Times, January 5, 2008. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/01/05/world/middleeast/05rashed.html.

David B. Wilkerson, “CBS CEO: Ad rates flat with upfront, down from a year ago,” MarketWatch, December 10, 2008. Online at: http://www.marketwatch.com/News/Story/Story.aspx?guid={BCF393AD-080B-419F-9245-C6A014BE7653}&siteid=yhoof2.

World Journal Media Kit. 2008

Y

Jeff Yang, “The AZend,” San Francisco Chronicle, January 29, 2008. http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/g/a/2008/01/29/apop.DTL

Deborah Yao,  “CBS swings to $12.46B 3Q loss after hefty charge,” Associated Press online, Oct. 30, 2008.