Skip to Content View Previous Reports

Bibliography

ABC11 to Debut 4 p.m. Newscast Next Week.” NewsObserver.com. May 20, 2011.

Advertising 2012 AD FORECASTS: A Have and Have-Not Media Economy.” Pivotal Research Group. Nov. 30, 2011.

All That’s New in Local Ad Insertion.” Media Life. April 1, 2011.

American Magazine Study.” Affinity. Dec. 2, 2011.

A Timeline of the Rush Limbaugh Vs. Sandra Fluke Battle.” Business Insider. March 6, 2012.

Boise KTRV Suspends News Operations, Shrinks Staff.” Idaho Statesman. Dec. 5, 2011.

Carey: Hearst Mags poised for growth in 2012.” News&Tech. Jan. 3, 2012.

CBS 3Q Profit Up as Ads Flat, Content Fees Grow.” Associated Press. Nov. 3, 2011.

CBS Paying $55 Million for WLNY New York.” TVNewsCheck. Dec. 21, 2011.

CNN Acquires Zite.” CNN press release. Aug. 30, 2011.

CNN Digital Numbers for 2011.” CNN press release. Jan. 25, 2012.

CNN Revamps Video Player.” CNN press release. July 18, 2011.

David Carey to Samir Husni: This is What Keeps Me UP at Night! The Mr. Magazine Interview with the President of Hearst Magazines.” Mr. Magazine Blog. Jan. 22, 2012.

Fox Business, CNBC See Audience Declines in Past Month.” Talking Biz News. Sept. 14, 2011.

Full Channel to Roll Out Al Jazeera English.” Multichannel News. April 25, 2011.

Going Mobile: How Publishers Are Maturing and Monetizing Their Offerings.” Audit Bureau of Circulations and ABC interactive. Nov. 2011

HGTV Magazine.” Folio Magazine. Jan. 20, 2012.

How People Learn About Their Local Community. The Role of the Internet.” Project for Excellence in Journalism. Sept. 26, 2011.

iCrossing Acquires Red Aril.” AdExchanger press release. Dec. 7, 2011.

KSNT, KTKA Combine News Forces.” Topeka Capital Journal. Aug. 2, 2011.

Meredith Completes Acquisition of Allrecipes.com from Reader’s Digest.” Meredith press release. March 1, 2012.

Meredith Completes Acquisition of FamilyFun Magazine from Disney Publishing Worldwide.” Marketwatch press release. Jan. 20, 2012.

Meredith Corporation Reports Fiscal 2012 Second Quarter Results.” PR Newswire. Jan. 24, 2012.

Meredith Delivers Over 20 Percent Growth in Fiscal 2011 Earnings Per Share.” Meredith press release. July 28, 2011.

Modest Interest in Run-Up to Royal Wedding.” Pew Research Center for the People & the Press. April 27, 2011.

More Magazines Started in 2011 than 2010: 239 Magazines Launched in 2011 Versus 193 n 2010.” Mediafinder press release, Dec. 15, 2011.

MPA Releases Benchmark Magazine Mobile Media Study.” The Association of Magazine Media, press release. Nov. 21, 2011.

Native American Journalists Association President Resigns, Saying Group is in ‘Financial Ruin.’ ” Associated Press. Nov. 16, 2011.

Newport Selling Fairbanks Station for $1.1M.” TVNewsCheck. Oct. 17, 2011.

President of Native Journalism Group Resigns.” Associated Press. Nov. 16, 2011.

Sinclair Posts 45% Revenue Drop in 3Q.” TVNewsCheck. Nov. 2, 2011.

Television Audience 2010 & 2011.” Nielsen Media Research. 2011.

The Mobile Magazine Reader: A Custom Study of Magazine App Users.” The Association of Magazine Media (MPA).  Nov. 8, 2011.

The New York Times Company Reports 2011 Fourth-Quarter and Full-Year Results.” MarketWatch press release. Feb. 2, 2012.

Time Warner Inc. Reports Strong Results for 2011 Fourth Qaurter & Full Year.” Barron’s. Feb. 8, 2012.

U.S. Mobile Local Ad Revenues to Grow From $404 Million in 2010 to $2.8 Billion in 2015, According to BIA/Kelsey.” Press release. June 23, 2011.

Yes, Expect Record 2012 Political Spending.” Media Life. June 23, 2011.

Adams, Russell. “Newspapers Edit Down Outlook.” Wall Street Journal. Aug. 22, 2011.

Advertising Age. Datacenter.

American Society of News Editors. “Newsroom Employment Up Slightly, Minority Numbers Plunge for Third Year.”

Andelman, Bob. “Bom Dia! CNN Adds New Bureau in Sao Paulo.” Poynter.org. Oct. 19, 2011.

Arbitron, “The Infinite Dial 2011.” April 5, 2011.

Arbitron. “Radio Today 2011.” Sept. 22, 2011.

Arbitron. “Radio’s Audience Continues to Grow.” Dec. 5, 2011.

Arbitron. “The Infinite Dial 2010.” April 8, 2010.

Arbitron. “The Road Ahead 2011.” Sept. 15, 2011.

Ariens, Chris. “Biz Network Ratings Revealed as FBN Prepares for Daily Nielsen Measurement.” TVNewser. March 24, 2011.

Ariens, Chris. “Christina Bellantoni Joins PBS NewsHour.” TV Newser. Dec. 20, 2011.

Ariens, Chris. “The Common Thread of ‘Person to Person’ and ‘Rock Center.’” TV Newser. Feb. 9, 2012.

Ariens, Chris. “What Being a Nielsen Client Means for FBN.” TVNewser. March 24, 2011.

ASNE.org. April 7, 2011.

Audit Bureau of Circulations. Email to co-author Edmonds. Jan. 9, 2012.

Audit Bureau of Circulations. FAS-FAX Report for Consumer Magazines.

Bachman, Katy. “DirecTV, Fox Reach Carriage Deal.” Ad Week. Oct. 31, 2011.

Banerjee, Devin. “TV Station Owner Nexstar May Sell Itself as Losses Mount.” Bloomberg Businessweek. July 21, 2011.

Barnes, Brooks. “TV and Film, From Condé Nast.” New York Times. Oct. 9, 2011.

Bauder, David. “Is MSNBC Tanking Without Olbermann? Not Quite…” Associated Press. June 19, 2011.

Bauder, David. “Rivals Twice Seize Opportunity from CNBC.” Associated Press. Aug. 9, 2011.

Bauder, David. “Under New Leadership, CNN Hopes to Tap some Organizational Advantages.” Associated Press. March 22, 2011.

Beaujon, Andrew. “Alt-weeklies in Atlanta, Chicago, D.C. to be sold, but first pay cuts.” Poynter. Mar. 14, 2012.

Bednarski, P.J. “Belo Turning Over KMSB, KTTU to KOLD.” TVNewscheck. Nov. 15, 2011.

Bennett, Shea. “Exclusive: “The Twitter User Who Broke News of Whitney Houston’s Death and Hour Before the Press.” Mediabistro. Feb. 15, 2012.

Bercovici, Jeff. “Digital Subscriptions Will Lift Magazines But Not Newspapers.” Forbes. June 14, 2011.

Bercovici, Jeff. “Update: Newsweek Bought Most of Its Traffic Before Beast Merger.” Forbes. Aug. 8, 2011.

Bergman, Cory. “10 Broadcast TV Groups Team with ConnecTV for Second Screen.” Lost Remote. Nov. 14, 2011.

Bergman, Cory. “Survey: Most TV Stations Embracing Social Media.” Lost Remote. Aug. 4, 2011.

Bergman, Cory. “Tornado Brings Out Community on KOMU’s Facebook Page.” Lost Remote. May 24, 2011.

Bergman, Cory. “TV Station Says Facebook Helped with Ratings Win.” Lost Remote. March 24, 2011.

Bettag, Tom. Interview with PEJ. Feb. 21, 2012. Bettag is also a reader for this chapter.

Boardman, David. Email to co-author Edmonds. Feb. 23, 2012.

Borchers, Callum. “Social Media Boosts Fortunes at WTHR.” Dec. 22, 2011.

Borrell Associates, 2011

Borrell Associates. “2011 Benchmarking Update: Local Online Media Revenue.” Sept. 2011.

Borrell Associates. “Budgeting for 2012. Local Online Advertising Forecasts and Key Growth Opportunities.” Nov. 2011.

Borrell, Gordon. “Benchmarking Local Online Media: 2010 Survey.” YouTube. March 28. 2011.

Borrell, Gordon. “Budgeting for 2012.” Borrell Associates. Nov. 2011.

Botelho, Stefanie. “Meredith Corporation Launches Social Commerce Network.” Folio Magazine. March 9, 2011.

Bowers, Andy. Interview with PEJ. Feb. 14, 2012.

Bracco, Brian. Interview with PEJ. Nov. 21, 2011.

Brauer, David. “City Pages cuts two of six staff writer positions.” MinnPost. Sept. 27, 2012.

Brewer, Bill. “WBIR, WTNZ Forge Team.” Knoxville News Sentinel. March 10, 2011.

Browder, Jim. Interview with PEJ. Oct. 21, 2011.

Campbell, Matthew and Viscusi, Gregory. “Lagardère Gets $886 Million Offer From Hearst for International Magazines.” Bloomberg. Jan. 31, 2011.

Carter, Bill and Brian Stelter. NBC Struggles for Its Footing. New York Times. Nov. 6, 2011.

Carter, Bill. “MSNBC Shuffles Its Prime-Time Lineup.” The New York Times. Oct. 19, 2011.

Carter, Bill. “NBC Replaces ‘Playboy Club’ with ‘Rock Center.’” The New York Times. Oct. 4, 2011.

Carter, Bill. “Olbermann Relaunches ‘Countdown’ on Current TV.” The New York Times. April 26, 2011.

CBS SEC Filing. CBS Corporation Reports Strong Fourth Quarter.

Chozick, Amy. “Fourth-Quarter Profit and Revenue Declined at The New York Times Company.” The New York Times. Feb. 2, 2012.

City Pages Website. Feb. 28, 2012.

City Pulse Staff. “City Pulse wins libel suit.”City Pulse. Nov. 17, 2011.

Colman, Price. “Citadel’s Ambitious Game Plan for WLNE.” TVNewsCheck. March 24, 2011.

Colman, Price. “Sinclair Buying Freedom for $385 Million.” TVNewsCheck. Nov. 2, 2011.

Comcast press release. “Comcast Reports 4th Quarter and Year End 2011 Results.” Feb. 15, 2012.

Comcast Reports 4th Quarter and Year End 2011 Results. Comcast press release. Feb. 15, 2012.

comScore press release. “comScore Introduces Validated Campaign Essentials.” Jan. 18, 2012.

comScore. “Digital Omnivores: How Tablets, Smartphones and Connected Devices are Changing U.S. Digital Media Consumption Habits.” Oct. 2011.

Coscarelli, Joe. “New York Press to Close? Manhattan Media Publisher Tom Allon Makes No Promises Beyond Labor Day.” Village Voice. July 22, 2011.

Covington, Owen. “News 14 Carolina Adding Staff for New Newscasts.” Business Journal. July 29, 2011.

Coyle, Jake. “AOL’s Huff Post to Launch Live Streaming Network.” The Huffington Post. Feb. 2, 2012.

Cromwell, Bill. “Look for a Flood of Super PAC Spending.” Media Life. Jan. 25, 2012.

Cromwell, Bill. “Ratings Slide for Olbermann, Off by a Third.” Media Life. Aug. 12, 2011.

Cropper, Carol Marie. “Nisenholtz: Papers’ Content Not To Be Stolen.” NetNewsCheck. March 28, 2011.

Davis, Noah. “The Economist Now Generates $11 Million in Revenue From Digital Subscribers.” Business Insider. Nov. 28, 2011.

Deeds, Michael. “Trying to Keep up with Local TV? Good Luck.” Idaho Statesman. June 17, 2011.

Delo, Cotton. “Mobile, Local are Key Factors in Facebook’s Post-IPO Revenue Growth.” Ad Age Digital. Feb. 6, 2012.

DeMain, Paul. Interview with PEJ. Nov. 28, 2011.

Depp, Michael. “Agile Alt Media Adapting to Digital Challenges.” NetNewsCheck. Jan. 31, 2012.

Depp, Michael. “Alt Weeklies Mine Roots to Drive Web Rev.” NetNewsCheck. Jan. 30, 2012.

Dirks, Van Essen & Murray. “4th Quarter 2011.” Dec. 31, 2012.

Doctor, Ken.  “The Newsonomics of Anton Chekhov.” Nieman Journalism Lab. Nov. 10, 2011.

Doctor, Ken. “The Newsonomics of 2012’s Magic Formula.” Nieman Journalism Lab. Dec. 19, 2011.

Donohue, Steve. “LIN TV: Hikes in Retransmission Fees Will be Smaller ‘When Market Has Fully Adjusted.’ ”Fierce Cable. Oct. 31, 2011.

Dowd, James. “WMC-TV in Memphis to Launch 4 p.m. Newscast Beginning Aug. 22.” Commercial Appeal. Aug. 8, 2011.

Drayer, Jacqueline. “The Shuffle: Summer Ch-Ch-Ch-Changes.” AAN. Sept.30, 2011.

Edmonds, Rick.  “An Online Rescue for Newspapers?”  Poynter. Jan. 27, 2005.

Edmonds, Rick. “5 Hopeful Takeaways from Annual UBS Media Investment Conference.” Poynter. Dec. 12, 2011.

Edmonds, Rick. “ASNE Newsroom Census Reflects Decline in Traditional Jobs, Growth Online.” Poynter. May 5, 2011.

Eggerton, John. “FCC Report Proposes Closing Localism Proceeding, Scrapping Enhanced Disclosure.” Broadcasting & Cable. June 9, 2011.

Eggerton, John. “NBC-Owned TV Stations Select Non-Profit Content Partners.” Broadcasting & Cable. Dec. 6, 2011.

Eggerton, John. “Third Circuit Denies Full-Court Review of Media Ownership Decision.” Broadcasting & Cable. Sept. 6, 2011.

Eggerton, John. “Update: FCC Votes Proposed Media Ownership Changes. Broadcasting & Cable.” Dec. 21, 2011.

Elliott, Stuart. “CBS on Top, Again, as Upfront Market Ends.” The New York Times. June 9, 2011.

Ellis, Justin. “Alt weeklies eye an AP of their own with content exchange.” Nieman Journalism Lab. Mar. 5, 2012.

Ellis, Justin. “Orlando’s WESH-TV Finds Success with Top-Selling Casey Anthony App.” Nieman Journalism Lab. June 29, 2011.

E-mail from Derek Baine, Jan. 19, 2011.

E-mail from Meghan Pianta, Jan. 10, 2012.

Emarketer press release. “Television Ad Spending Bounces Back, Virtually Unaffected by Online Growth.” March 29, 2011.

eMarketer. “Facebook’s U.S. User Growth Slows but Twitter Sees Double-Digit Gains.” March 5, 2012.

E-Marketer. “New Forecast: U.S. Mobile Ad Spending Soars Past Expectations.” Jan. 12, 2012.

eMarketer. “New Forecast: U.S. Mobile Ad Spending Soars Past Expectations.” Jan. 25, 2012.

eMarketer. “Online Ad Spending Consolidates Among Search, Banner, Video.” Feb. 3, 2012.

eMarketer. “U.S. Online Ad Spend to Close in on $40 Billion.” Jan. 19, 2012.

eMarketer. Revenue Gains Push Facebook to Top of U.S. Display Ad Market.” Feb. 23, 2012.

Engelhart, Becky. “Local Media Reach: October 2011. ” Dec. 6, 2011.

Facebook.com “Casey Anthony Updates” and WESH2News. Retrieved Nov. 25, 2011.

Facebook.com. “Top Facebook Political Articles of 2011.” Dec. 14, 2011.

Federal Communications Commission. National Broadband Plan. Chapter 9: Adoption and Utilization.

Fernandez, Sofia. “Michael Jackson Trial App Tops Apple Charts.” Hollywood Reporter. Sept. 28, 2011.

Filloux, Frédéric. “The Publisher’s Dilemma.” Monday Note. Feb. 27, 2011.

Fishman, Rob. “Follow Topics, Bloggers and Reporters: A New HuffPost Feature.” The Huffington Post. April 19, 2011

Fleischer, Matthew. “OC Weekly, SF Weekly Hit With Layoffs.” FishBowl LA. Sept. 28, 2011.

Flint, Joe. “Cable is The Only Cord Getting Cut.” The Los Angeles Times. June 14, 2011.

Folkenflick, David. “New CNN News Chief Takes Stock.” NPR. July 1, 2011.

Fox, Charles. Interview with PEJ Nov. 8, 2011.

Frankel, David. “Report: Facebook, Google Overtakes Yahoo in Display Market Share.” Paid Content. Feb. 22, 2012.

Fratrik, Mark. E-mail to PEJ. Jan. 19, 2012.

Fratrik, Mark. E-mail to PEJ. Jan. 8, 2012.

Friedman, Wayne. “Cable’s ‘I+’ Adds Local TV Ads To Extend Reach. MediaPost. Oct. 19, 2011

Friedman, Wayne. “Close-Up: TV Retrans Revs To Grow To $3B By 2015.” MediaPost. Nov. 1, 2011.

Friedman, Wayne. “Political Ads to Hit $3.2B, Most in Local TV Buys.” Media Post. Nov. 17, 2011

Gannes, Liz. “The New Yorker’s David Remnick: Paper Magazines Are ‘Pretty Good Technology’.” AllThingsD.com. Jan. 31, 2012.

Geiger, Kim. “Television Advertising in 2012 election Could Top $3 Billion.” Los Angeles Times. Oct. 6, 2011.

Gobry, Pascal-Emmanuel, and Blodget, Henry. “Pandora Still Growing Like Gangbusters – Now 4% of Total US Radio Listening.” Business Insider. Nov. 23, 2011.

Goetzel, David. “Nielsen: Web Sites Can Increase Local TV Reach.” Media Daily News. Jan. 24, 2012.

Goldsmith, Jill. “Time Warner Posts Boffo Third Quarter.” Variety. Nov. 2, 2011.

Goldstein, Ken. Interview with PEJ. Nov. 18, 2011.

Grieco, Elizabeth M. and Cassidy, Rachel C. “Overview of Race and Hispanic Origin: 2000.” U.S. Census Bureau. March 2001.

Gumbert, Jerry. Interview with PEJ. Nov. 7, 2011.

Guthrie, Marisa. “Rachel Maddow Extends MSNBC Contract.” The Hollywood Reporter. Aug. 2, 2011.

Hamilton, Walter; Hsu, Tiffany and Perry Tony. “Developer Buys San Diego Paper.” Los Angeles Times. Nov. 18, 2011.

Hatch, David. “Battle Over Virtual Duopolies Heats Up At FCC.” TVNewsCheck. Dec. 7, 2011.

Havens, Scott. Interview with PEJ.

Healy, Beth. “N.Y. Times Co. Reports Profit Drop.” Boston Globe. Feb. 3, 2012.

Hearst. Annual Report 2011.

Hoagland, Julie. “New Company, MLive Media Group, Formed to Carry Booth Newspapers, MLive.com to the Next Era of News.” The Grand Rapids Press. Nov. 2, 2011.

Hof, Robert. “Online Ad Spend to Overtake TV by 2016.” Forbes. Aug. 26, 2011.

How Mainstream Media Outlets Use Twitter.” Project for Excellence in Journalism. Nov. 14, 2011.

How People Learn About Their Local Community. The Role of Local TV News.” Project for Excellence in Journalism. Sept. 26, 2011.

Humenik, John. Presentation at Key Executives Conference. St. Petersburg, Fla. Feb. 22, 2011.

Humes, Karen R., Jones, Nicholas A. and Ramirez, Roberto R. “Overview of Race and Hispanic Origin: 2010.” U.S. Census Bureau. March 2011.

Indvik, Lauren. “Facebook Interest Lists Turn Your Feed Into a Personalized Newspaper.” Mashable. March 9, 2012.

Indvik, Lauren. “Inside The Atlantic: How One Magazine Got Profitable by Going ‘Digital First’.” Mashable. Dec. 19, 2011.

Isaac, Mike. “A First Look at Social Reader, WaPo’s New Facebook App,” Wired.com. Sept. 22, 2011.

Jensen, Elizabeth. “ ‘NewsHour’ Changes Raise Questions at PBS.” The New York Times. Nov. 6, 2011.

Jensen, Elizabeth. “Anchor to Leave PBS’s ‘Need to Know.’ ” The New York Times. Aug. 28, 2011.

Jensen, Elizabeth. “He’s Back, Just as Curious as Ever.” The New York Times. Jan. 6, 2012.

Jensen, Elizabeth. “PBS’s ‘Need to Know’ Turns to Roster of Guest Hosts.” The New York Times. Sept. 11, 2011.

Jessell, Harry. “FCC Mulls Limits on SSAs, LNS Agreements.” TVNewsCheck. Dec. 23, 2011.

Jessell, Harry. “Fox on Retrans: Ditching Affils ‘Last Resort.’ ” TVNewscheck. June 1, 2011.

Jessell, Harry. “Local News Is Driver for NBC O&O Revival.” TVNewsCheck. Oct. 31, 2011.

Jessell, Harry. “Mobile DTV: Would You Believe Xmas 2012?” TVNewsCheck. Oct. 21, 2011.

Jessell, Harry. “Sook: Stations Could Get $2 Per Sub Retrans.” TV Newscheck. Jan. 25, 2012.

Jessell, Harry. Interview with PEJ. Nov. 4, 2011.

Kafka, Peter. “Time Inc. Doubles Down on Tablets, Promises All Magazines on All Platforms by End of Year.” Aug. 3, 2011.

Kane, Will. “Layoffs at the San Francisco Bay Guardian.” San Francisco Chronicle. July 27, 2011.

Kantar Media. “Automotive Advertising Is Slowing Down.” June 2011.

Kantar Media. “Kantar Media Reports U.S. Advertising Expenditures Increased 1.5% in the First Nine Months of 2011.” Dec. 19, 2011.

Kaplan, David. “CNN Lays Off 50 Staffers, Citing ‘Workflow Changes,’ Reliance on User-Gen.” Paidcontent.org. November 11, 2011.

Kessler, Sarah. “Pandora Hits 100 Million Registered Users.” Mashable. July 12, 2011.

King, James. “New Times Wins Appeal; Lawsuit Against Joe Arpaio Et Al to Be Heard by Full Ninth U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals.” Phoenix New Times. Nov. 10, 2011.

Kinsman, Matt. “The Economist Sees Advertising Rebound in Fiscal 2011.” Folio Magazine. June 21, 2011.

Kohli-Khandekar, Vanita. “Q&A: Nick Wrenn, CNN International.” Business Standard. April 26, 2011.

Kramer, Becky. “Face Time: Fast Horse is Bridging Digital Divide.” The Spokesman-Review. April 4, 2011.

Kramer, Staci D. “NewsRight Launches with 29 Publishers.” Paid Content. Jan. 5, 2012.

KUTV Facebook pages. Jan. 25, 2012.

Lafayette, Jon. “CNN Pitches Comeback Story.” Broadcasting & Cable. April 4, 2011.

Lee, Edmund. “Time Warner’s CNN Seeks Digital Deals to Gain on Fox.” Bloomberg News. Dec. 20, 2011.

Letzing, John. “Pandora Sales Nearly Double, But its Outlook Is Cautious.” Wall Street Journal. Nov. 23, 2011.

Levine, D.M. “CNN Keeping Mum About Piers Morgan Hacking Allegations.” Adweek. July 14, 2011.

Levine, D.M. “The Fox News Revolution.” Adweek. Oct. 3, 2011.

Lunden, Ingrid. “Hearst’s Carey: We Will Have One Million Paying Digital Subscribers in 2012.” paidContent. Nov. 30, 2011.

Maass, Dave. “Former Employees Accuse San Diego Reader of Gender Discrimination.” San Diego City Beat.  Nov. 8, 2011.

Malone, Michael. “’Huge Media Merger’ Among Montgomery Stations.” Broadcasting & Cable. July 11, 2011.

Malone, Michael. “Media General Broadcast Revenue Down 13%.” Broadcasting & Cable. Oct. 19, 2011.

Malone, Michael. “Nexstar Revenue Up 2.35% in Third. Broadcasting & Cable.” Nov. 8, 2011.

Malone, Michael. “Scripps Launches Live Streaming to Mobile Devices.” Broadcasting & Cable. Sept. 8, 2011.

Malone, Michael. “Sinclair Grabs Four Points Stations for $200 Mil.” Broadcasting & Cable. Sept. 8, 2011.

Malone, Michael. “Stations Storm 4 A.M. Hour.” Broadcasting & Cable. March 21, 2011.

Mangalindan, J.P. “AOL May Never Be Able to Patch up Patch.” Fortune. Feb. 15, 2012.

Marabito, Andrea. “ ‘Nightline’ Tops Broadcast Season For First Time.” Broadcasting & Cable. June 3, 2011.

MarketingCharts.com. “US Online Ad Spend to Grow 23.3% in 2012.” Dec. 5, 2012.

Marszalek, Diana. “Post-‘Oprah’ Newscasts: So Far So Good.” TVNewsCheck. Oct. 19, 2011.

Marszalek, Diana. “Scripps Bucks Investigative Reporting Trend.” TVNewsCheck. Aug. 17, 2011.

Mashable Media Summit 2011. “8 Digital Trends Shaping the Future of Media.” Nov. 9, 2011.

Meredith. Annual Report 2011.

Mermigas, Diane. E-mail to PEJ. Jan. 8, 2012.

Mickey, Bill. “Some of The Best Performing Newsstand Covers of 2011.” Audience Development. Jan. 11, 2012.

Miller, Mark. “CBS TV Station Q3 Revenue Falls 6%.” TVNewsCheck. Nov. 3, 2011.

Miller, Mark. “KHOU Houston Adding 4 P.M. Newscast.” TVNewsCheck. July 13, 2011.

Miller, Mark. E.W.Scripps 3Q TV Revenue Down 11%. TVNewsCheck. Nov. 8, 2011.

Mitchell, Amy, et al. “The Tablet Revolution: How People Use Tablets and What it Means for the Future of News.” Pew Research Center’s Project for Excellence in Journalism. Oct. 25, 2011.

Moore, Frazier. “Roger Ailes Looks Back on 15 years of Fox News.” Associated Press. Oct. 5, 2011.

Moozakis, Chuck. “One on One – Jim Moroney, A.H. Belo Corp.” News & Tech. June 30, 2011.

Moozakis, Chuck. News and Tech. Email to co-author Edmonds. Feb. 24, 2012.

Moraski, Lauren. “Howard Stern: ‘Feelings Are Going to be Hurt.’” CBS News. Dec. 16, 2011.

Morris, Jim. Interview with PEJ. Nov. 16, 2011.

Moses, Lucia. “A Year of Tina Brown and Newsweek Still Needs a Savior: NewsBeast Still Hasn’t Turned Around Its Losses And Has A Long Way to Go Before It Gets Into The Black.” Adweek. Oct. 31, 2011.

Moses, Lucia. “Condé Nast Teams Up with Fremantle of ‘Idol’ Fame.” Adweek. Aug. 11, 2011.

Moses, Lucia. “How David Bradley and Justin Smith Saved ‘The Atlantic.”’ Adweek. Sept. 27, 2011.

Moses, Lucia. “Tablets Helping Publishers Sell Back Issues.” Adweek. Jan. 9, 2012.

Mullins, Richard. “165 Layoffs Underway at Tampa Tribune, Sister Papers.” Tampa Tribune. Dec. 13, 2011.

Newkirk, Jacob. “Nexstar Cuts Several News Jobs From Local TV Station WEHT-ABC25.” Courier Press. Nov. 7, 2011.

News and Tech. “Papers With Digital Subscriber Plans/Paywalls.” Jan. 11, 2012.

NewsHour Research Department.

Newspaper Association of America. Trends and Numbers.

NewsWorks. “Twitter chat with NPR’s new CEO Gary Knell.” Dec. 1, 2011.

Nguyen, Kim. “KMGH, Other McGraw-Hill Stations Sold To Scripps.” TheDenverChannel.com. Oct. 3, 2011.

Nielsen Online

O’Malley, Gavin. “Hearst Records Profitable Digital Business.” MediaPost. Jan. 3, 2012.

O’Neill, Brendan. “Cadillac becomes the first US auto manufacturer to include HD Radio technology… but will anyone listen?” Radio Survivor. Dec. 6, 2011.

Olmstead, Kenny; Mitchell, Amy and Rosenstiel, Tom. “Navigating News Online.” PEJ. May 9, 2011.

Owen, Laura Hazard. “Hearst U.S. Biz ‘Solidly Profitable for the First Time’ in ’11.” paidContent. Jan. 3, 2012.

PaidContent. “Is Spotify on Track to Hit 100 Million Users?” Nov. 29, 2011.

Pandora Media, Inc. “Form S-1 Registration Statement under the Securities Act of 1933.” Securities and Exchange Commission. February 11, 2011. Washington, D.C.

Papper, Bob. “RTNDA/Hofstra Survey Finds Increasing Maturity for Local News on the Web.” RTNDA.org. Retrieved Nov. 29, 2011.

Papper, Robert. “By the Numbers: News, Staffing and Profitability Survey.” RTNDA Communicator Magazine, Oct. 2006.

Papper, Robert. “RTDNA /Hofstra Survey Finds TV Stations Sharing Content, Resources.” RTDNA.org. Retrieved Nov. 28, 2011.

Papper, Robert. E-mail to PEJ. Jan. 1, 2012.

Scanlon, Pat director of digital strategy and business development for The Pittsburgh Post-Gazette in an interview with PEJ

Patel, Kunur. “After Hearst Acquisition, iCrossing Moves Into Branded Content.” Advertising Age. May 31, 2011.

PBS NewsHour Marketing and Communications staff. Jan. 30, 2012.

PEJ Mobile Survey. Jan. 2012.

How People Use Tablets and What it Means for the Future of News.” Project for Excellence in Journalism. Oct. 25, 2011.

Pepitone, Julianne. “Yahoo and ABC Partner for News ‘Alliance.’” CNN Money. Oct. 3, 2011.

Perez, Sarah. “Reuters Launches Web TV Channel, Bringing 10 New & Original Shows to YouTube.” TechCrunch. Jan. 17, 2012.

Peters, Jeremy W. “At 154, a Digital Milestone.” New York Times. Nov. 20, 2011.

Peters, Jeremy W. “For New Yorker on iPad, Words Are The Thing.” New York Times. July 31, 2011.

Peters, Jeremy W. “The News, in Bright Bits.” New York Times. March 13, 2011.

Peters, Jeremy W. “Times Co. Reports a Profit, Aided by Digital Subscribers.” The New York Times. Oct. 20, 2011.

Pew Research Center for the People & the Press. “Americans Spending More Time Following the News.” Sept. 12, 2010.

Phelps, Andrew. “NPR’s Infinite Player: It’s Like a Public Radio Station that Only Plays the Kinds of Pieces You Like, Forever.” Nieman Journalism Lab. Nov. 16, 2011.

Pompeo, Joe. “At Atlantic Digital, a Series of New Hires.” Capital New York. Jan. 18, 2012

Pompeo, Joe. “Village Voice Taps Harry Siegel as Metro Columnist.” Yahoo News. April 26, 2011.

Potter, Deborah. “A Welcome Change.” American Journalism Review. Aug. 4, 2011.

Radelat, Anna. “Early Presidential Primary States Not Seeing Big Advertising Dollars.” Advertising Age. Nov. 17, 2011.

Radio Ink. “Cumulus Challenges Rush with Huckabee.” Feb. 9, 2012.

Radio Ink. “Online Measurement. Arbitron Warns: Be Careful.” Dec. 20, 2011.

Raine, Clay. Marketing research and data assistant, MacNeil Lehrer Productions. Email to PEJ. Feb. 22, 2012.

Raine, Clay. Marketing research and data assistant, MacNeil Lehrer Productions. Email to PEJ. Jan. 31, 2012.

Raphael, T. J. “Discoverability Central to Big Numbers on Apple’s Newsstand.” Audience Development. Oct. 26, 2011.

Reese, Stephanie. “Quick Stat: 79.3 Million People Listen to Internet Radio Weekly.” eMarketer. July 14, 2011.

Rehm, Dana Davis, Senior Vice President NPR Marketing, Communications and External Relations Division. E-mail to PEJ. Jan. 31, 2012.

Riismandel, Paul. “FCC Eases Rules for New Tribal Stations.” Radio Survivor. March 13, 2011.

Rogowsky, Mark. “iPad: How many iPads will be sold in 2011?” Quora.com. Oct. 11, 2011.

How People Learn About Their Local Community.” Project for Excellence in Journalism. Sept. 26, 2011.

Rosenthal, Lee. Interview with PEJ. Nov. 21, 2011.

Russian, Demian. “Sirius XM (NASDAQ:SIRI) CEO Mel Karmazin at the Reuters Global Media Summit: Video.” Reuters. Nov. 29, 2011.

Sass, Erik. “Tribune Bankruptcy Battle Continues.” Media Daily News. Jan. 13. 2012.

Schonfeld, Erich. “Cowen: Google Mobile Ad Revenues Could Surge to $5.8 Billion in 2012.” TechCrunch. Jan. 21, 2012.

Schuker, Lauren A. E. and Vascellaro, Jessica E. “NBC’s ‘Today’ Shows Rare Weakness.” The Wall Street Journal. Oct. 6, 2011.

Schuker, Lauren. “Current TV Bets Big on Olbermann.” The Wall Street Journal. June 13, 2011.

Schuker, Lauren. “Glenn Beck Faces Big Test as New Show Bows.” The Wall Street Journal. Sept. 12, 2011.

Schultz, E. J. “Kraft, General Mills Hold the Line on Marketing in Tough Environment.” Advertising Age. Feb. 21, 2012.

Sefton, Dru. “KCET’s Split From PBS Leaves Uncertainty for Both.” Current. Oct. 18, 2010.

Sefton, Dru. “Making the Most of What PBS Can Do.”Current. May 16, 2011.

Sefton, Dru. “Moyers Returns in January With Weekly Hour.” Current. Aug. 29, 2011.

Shadunsky, Alex. “Newspaper Stocks Deserve Another Look As Fundamentals Improve.” Seeking Alpha. Dec. 28, 2011.

Shaw, Larry. Interview with PEJ. Nov. 16, 2011.

Shaw, Lucas. “Brian Williams’ ‘Rock Center’ Hits a New Low – Why NBC Won’t Budge.” The Wrap. Feb. 24, 2012.

Shaw, Lucas. “New Yorker’s David Remnick Shuns Twitter But Loves His iPad.” Reuters. Jan. 31, 2012.

Sherman, Gabriel. “The Elephant in the Green Room.” New York Magazine. May 22, 2011.

Siegal, Robert. “As Advertisers Flee, Is Limbaugh Losing That Much?” NPR. March 8, 2012.

Singel, Ryan. “CNN Buys Zite, Continues Magazine Push.” Wired. Aug. 30, 2011.

Sisario, Ben. “Pandora Revenue Misses Expectations.” New York Times. March 6, 2011.

Smith, Steve. “Economist Reports 1 Million App Readers.” MediaPost. Nov. 29, 2011.

SNL Kagan. “Economics of Basic Cable Networks: 2011 Edition.”

Sonderman, Jeff. “Nielsen: One-Third of Mobile Users Downloaded News Apps in Past Month.” Poynter. Jan. 9, 2012.

Sonderman, Jeff. “TV and radio outlets lead Facebook’s fastest-growing news pages.” Poynter Online. Dec. 7, 2011.

SouthComm Inc. Website. March 1, 2012.

Spangler, Todd. “About 20% of U.S. Pay-TV Subs Prone To Canceling: Analysts.” Multichannel News. Sept. 16, 2011.

Spears, Lee. “Pandora Rises in Biggest Internet IPO Boom Year Since 2000.” Bloomberg. Sept. 20, 2011.

Stefanov, Stoyan. “Introducing the Subscribe Button for Websites.” Facebook Developers Blog. Dec. 8, 2012.

Stelter, Brian. “After Apology, National Advertisers Are Still Shunning Limbaugh.” New York Times. March 13, 2012.

Stelter, Brian. “At New Network, Olbermann Sets Sights on MSNBC.” The New York Times. June 19, 2011.

Stelter, Brian. “Big Three Newscasts Are Changing the State of Play.” The New York Times. Jan 8, 2012.

Stelter, Brian. “Casey Anthony Coverage Gives HLN an Identity.” The New York Times. June 12, 2011.

Stelter, Brian. “CBS Corp. Profits Increase, but Revenue Comes Up Short.” The New York Times. Feb. 15, 2012.

Stelter, Brian. “CNN Hires Erin Burnett and Plans New Show.”  The New York Times. April 29, 2011.

Stelter, Brian. “Local TV Newscasts Expanding.” New York Times. Aug. 21, 2011.

Stelter, Brian. “Market Ills Give CNBC a Bounce.” The New York Times. Aug. 14, 2011.

Stelter, Brian. “MSNBC Fares Well without Olbermann.” The New York Times. June 28, 2011.

Stelter, Brian. “Sharpton’s Push for Comcast Raises Issues About Possible MSNBC Job.” The New York Times. July 27, 2011.

Stoeffel, Kat. “Village Voice Lays Off the Best of New York.” New York Observer. Oct. 26, 2011.

Suzanne. “Targeted TV Ads Set for Takeoff.”  Wall Street Journal. Dec. 20, 2010.

Sweney, Mark. “Spotify Tops 2.5M Paying Users.” The Guardian. Nov. 23, 2011.

Tam, Donna. “Arcata Communications Company Launches ‘Super Wi-Fi’ on Yurok Tribe Reservation.” Times-Standard. Jan. 31, 2011.

Taylor, Loris. Interview with PEJ. Oct. 20, 2011.

Tenore, Mallary Jean. “NewsHour Crowdsources Translations of President Obama’s ‘State of the Union.’ ” Poynter. Jan. 25, 2012.

The Association of Magazine Media. PIB Revenue and Pages. Jan. 9, 2012.

The Washington Post.“The Washington Post Launches New Social Reader App on Facebook at f8 Developer Conference.” Sept. 22, 2011.

Thiessen, Mark. “Calista to Shut Down, Liquidate Alaska Newspapers.” Associated Press. July 23, 2011.

Toney, Mark. Interview with PEJ. Nov. 16, 2011.

Trahant, Mark. Interview with PEJ. Nov. 22, 2011.

U.S. Census Bureau. “American Indian and Alaska Native Heritage Month: November 2011.” Nov. 1, 2011.

Unger, Henry. “International News is Growth Engine for CNN.” Atlanta Journal-Constitution. April 5, 2011.

Various company reports. UBS Media Investment Conference. Dec. 8-10, 2012.

Vega, Tanzina. “Bloomberg TV Pushes for a Wider Audience.” The New York Times. June 20, 2011.

Veronis Suhler Stevenson Communications Industry Forecast 25th Edition, 2011-2015

Veronis Suhler Stevenson. “Broadcast Television.” Communications Industry Forecast: 2011-2015.

Veronis Suhler Stevenson. “Communications Industry Forecast 2011-2015: Broadcast and Satellite Radio.” September 2011.

Waldman, Steven. “The Information Needs of Communities.” Federal Communications Commission. June 9, 2011.

Walt Disney Company. Form 10-K.

Weprin, Alex. “Layoffs at HLN as Cable Channel Reorganizes Afternoon Hours.” TVNewser. August 12, 2011.

West, Darrell M. “Ten Facts about Mobile Broadband.” Brookings Institution Center for Technology Innovation. Dec. 8, 2011.

WGN press release. “Attention Early Birds! WGN Morning News Starts At 4:00 am Beginning July 11.” June 16, 2011.

Whiten, Jon. “Metro Spirit Returns.” AAN. April 15, 2011.

Winslow, George. “View Along the TV App Landscape.” Broadcasting & Cable. Aug. 8, 2011.

Woolley, Scott. “A Broadband Boom in the Boondocks.” Technology Review. Feb. 8, 2011.

Yahoo Finance.

Yanich, Danilo. “Local TV News and Service Agreements: A Critical Look.” Center for Community Research and Service. Oct. 2011.

Yanich, Danilo. Interview with PEJ. Nov. 4, 2011.

Youmans, William, and Brown, Katie. “Can Al Jazeera English Leverage its ‘Egypt moment’ into an American Audience?” Arab Media & Society. Spring 2011.

Zaragoza, Jason. “AAN Members Approve Name Change, Elect Zankowski as President.” AAN. July 26, 2011.

Zaragoza, Jason. “Dan Snyder Drops Lawsuit Against Washington City Paper.” AAN. Sept. 20, 2011.

Zaragoza, Jason. “Legal Dispute Over Control of the Santa Barbara Independent Continues.” AAN. Dec. 1, 2011.

Zaragoza, Jason. “Mara Shalhoup Named Editor of Chicago Reader.” AAN. Feb. 7, 2011.

Zaragoza, Jason. “Sarah Fenske To Replace Heikes as Editor of L.A. Weekly.” AAN. Oct. 24, 2011.

Zaragoza, Jason. “Village Voice Lays Off Longtime Film Critic Jim Hoberman.” AAN. Jan. 5, 2012.

Zurawick, David. “With Oprah gone, WJZ takes ratings lead at 4 and 5.” Baltimore Sun. Oct. 28, 2011.